Private Charles Valois, Co. F

From the 1901 AG report:

VALOIS, CHARLES -- Age, 30 years. Enlisted at Rikers Island, to serve three years, and mustered in as private, Co. F, January 23, 1862; re-enlisted as a veteran, January 26, 1864; captured in action, May 5, 1864, at the Wilderness, Va.; paroled, no date; transferred to Co. F, One Hundred and Forty-seventh Infantry, January 31, 1865. 

The following information was supplied by Thomas Valois of SC, and Robert Valois of Raleigh, NC, descendents of Charles Valois: 

Karl Leopold Valois, was born 18 June 1832, Rastatt, Baden, (then) Royal Austria, now Germany. His mother was Maria Anna Francisca Zwiebelhofer. His father was Francois Joesph Valois 1777-1854, both born in Rastatt. Incidentally, his father had 18 children in Rastatt. Some of them emigrated to the US at about the time of the "German" social revolution. I have always thought it a bit ironic that some of those emigres were in the GAR. 

He never married. By profession, he was a machinist.  He lived in Summit, Schoharie County, NY 1865 - 1890.  

Re-enlisted Veteran Volunteers 91st New York Regiment, Jan. 1865.  Discharged 3 July 1865 at Balls Crossroads, VA.  

The National Archives includes several cards, including the one reproduced below.One of the cards says:

" V...147...N.Y....Charles Valois...PVT, Co...., 147th Reg't N.Y. Infantry..Appears on M. and D. Roll of Men (Prisoners of War) Transferred to the organization named above from Co F 76 Reg't N.Y. V. Roll dated Jany 31, 1865. When enlisted Jan 23, 1862.  Period for which enlisted  3  years. .../.../.../.../ Remarks: Missing in action May 5/64. /s/ John W. Jones, Copyist."

His Company Descriptive Book entry upon transferring to the 147th NY (see below) says he was 5' 3 1/2" with light complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, born in Germany and gave his occupation as "Mechanic".  

He was wounded in the ankle and thigh by gunshot in the Battle of the Wilderness, VA on 5 May 1864, and captured at Mine Run, VA.  He was also treated for scorbatus (scurvy) and debilitus at the Naval Academy Hospital in Annapolis in September-December 1864 before transfer to Patterson Park General Hospital in Baltimore on January 28,1865.  He was again transferred to Cuyler General Hospital, Philadelphia on February 5, 1865.  By this time, his wounds were ulcerated.  

He also suffered in later years from chronic diarrhea, rheumatism, serfula, gangrene, and ruptures which he attributed to having been imprisoned in the infamous hell-hole Andersonville, Georgia Prison and Florence Prison, South Carolina from 5 May 1864 to 7 December 1864.  He was paroled at Charleston, SC and sent to Wilmington, NC on 22 January 1865, and returned to duty in April 1865.  He described the prison conditions which caused his condition as "poor diet, crowd poisoning, starvation," causing blood poisoning and his whole body to break out with "eruptions and especially in both legs after which gangrene made its appearance causing severe injuries."

1860 census Charles Valois, Schoharie County, NY, p. 425,Summit, FedPop Sched, ID#587123134
1860 VALOIS CHARLES Schoharie County NY 425 Summit Federal Population Schedule NY 1860 Federal Census Index NY587123134

The NPS has agreed to list Valois on their database as a prisoner at Andersonville. 

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- Last Updated May 31, 2005