Letters of  Private George Walling, Co. B

George Walling was the son of Elizabeth Clark (b. 1805, d. March 17, 1887) Cotton M. Walling (b. 1802). The Wallings were married on December 28th, 1826, at Danby, Tompkins County by Rev. Stevens. 

In 1863 they had the following children, all of whom were living:

William Walling  age 34        
Amanda Walling  age 24        
Caroline Walling age 20        
Charles Walling  age 16 b. April 4, 1847        
Albert Walling  age 14 b. Nov. 21, 1849

The Wallings were living in Montezuma, Cayuga County, NY. in 1863 at the time of George's enlistment.

George Walling was a private in Company B of the 76th Regiment New York Volunteers, was enrolled on the 24th day of July, 1863, at Auburn for a term of three years, and received a federal bounty of $75.00 for enlisting. He was captured May 5, 1864 at the battle of the Wilderness, Va. and died from scurvy at Andersonville, Ga. on August 22nd, 1864. He had been admitted the same day to the Hospital at Andersonville. The cause of death was listed as Hydrp's Pericordei on his Prisoner Of War Record as recorded by the Adjutant General in 1883.

Note: AG report says he died of "scorbutis", which is the 19th Century term for scurvy - a dietary deficiency disease caused by lack of Vitamin C.  

Walling is buried at Andersonville, grave no. 6425.

The following letters written by George Walling were found with his Mother and Father's pension file at the National Archive, Washington, D.C.


Addressed to: Miss Caroline Walling        Montezuma, N.Y.

Postmark: Washington, D. C.

Rapahanock 
Dec 8th/63

Dear Sister    

I recd yours the 5th dated the 25th we did not get mail as we was over across the Rapadan close to the Rebs the was in sight of us I did not hapen to be out on squormish or I might got shot as their was a good many out 

our folks backed off the place was to hard to take the rebs could pour right down on us so we did not take the hights we had some canonading cant tell how many killed we was in line of battle all the time Billy Stanly was right ahead of us but no fight so we are all right as yet 

as for washing dishes we dont have many dishes to wash we just rense them out all tin dishes we carry our houses on our backs when on a march and it is hard work it is full as hard as carrying Flag out of the marsh the Officers has not got any pity on the poor common solger 

I should really like to know if you had got that money $ 140.00 dollars I sent to you the 24th Nov. I sent it by the Sutler I thought it was the quarter master but it was not they tell me that it is safe that is the way that they all send there money my money was all green backs but $30.00 I Expressed it to Auburn to you 

we talk some of winter quarters we have had such orders but we have had orders to march again but we have had orders to march again but still we lay here tell pap to fat the hog if you have to bye the corn ten bushels is not enough and Fat the cow bye some feed hay is high cook has played the fool with pap just because he is one of his chums drink together and then fool him I dont think I would fool with these whiskey warts and simer down himself I dont know what will become of him yet he dont care for nothing but he asayes he does but that dont make it so I dont know but you will have to buye some fodder for him it is curious nothing to buye hardly and then cant make it go it is pretty rough for a man that pretends to be a man an Old man at that should know something by this time 

well Caroline I am glad to hear that you are all well I am as well as usual it is a meracle because it is cold and we have to lay out doors it is tuff I got Cliff Mapes letter the same time that I got yours and two papers them other two them other two papers I did not get at all so dont send any more unless there is particular news in them I have not had an answer from Chaz Bogret as yet I guess he wont answer my letters as he said he would it is pretty cold for my fingers so I will quit writing write soon 

from your Brother
George Walling


Rapahanock River 
Dec 19th/63

Dear Sister

I rec'd yours the 18th I was glad to hear that you was all well but pap had gone after a nigar he might not come back on the account of Fred I should think I dont want Fred to take charge of anything of mine he must hoe his way not live on the cow and hog of my earnings you can tell him that for me unless he pays you $ 14.17 fourteen dollars and seventeen cts that he owes me tell him that I gave it to you to gets things for yourself I suppose he has not got anything to keep him through this winter he has worked all sumer got some Old horses to keep and you will all come out very Slim in the spring that will not do unless he has got money and that I dont believe he has got much off do you he fooled around me enough last winter to satisfy me I dont want him around at all I would rather he would clear out he wont do the Barn any good with his horses things belong to me 

if I dont get killed I dont want to Big a family to suport the heft of it come out of me after all where is the use of every thing and the interest the cow that I have kep sometime the hogs and pigs all these things counts up but Fred and the Old man dont care as long as they can sport of my earnings Fred used my money lst winter to keep Sib Powers and others and these must play out give me the whole Details how it goes if it dont go right I will send him a writen notice to leave I hate to do so but I wont be imposed upon like that anymore he must take care of himself at all hazards the Devel gets in the Folks now a days so look out for yourself Friends are few and scatern you cant depend on no one only as you see things for yourself 

yesterday 18th our Brigade had to turn out to see a man shot we was drawn up into colums so that we could not all see him shot and I was glad that I could not see it twelve guns went off at once and eleven balls went through him and today the 19th our regiment turned out on desperade to see a mans head shaved and Drumed out of camp what an awful looking object he was they marched him along by the whole regiment 

it is pretty cold here just as bad as you do there but still it aint quite so cold Caroline I wrote for postage stamps send twenty or thirty and send me a few needles full of thread every time you write I wrote for 12 stamps but send more or often as I have Borowed three stamps now I hope pap has come back to attend to his business he knows he has allways had more of me tan he Deserved I would like to have him get along well if posable 

I did not get any news paper with this last letter but I have seen Old Abes proclamation I wish they would have a compramize this winter we talk some of moveing to Alexandra or Washington this winter after we have got all of our huts built we live verry comfortable four of us in a hut a good fireplace have Chas Mapes write to Oswego to Mr Bickford tell him it is worth $ 60.00 per ton at home write in my name he knows me so if you answer both of my last letters you will have enough to do but dont forget the postage stamps and thread I want a little thread now and then I have plenty of clothing I got my over coat before we went across the Rapadan so I have been verry comfortable but we have a good deal of duty to do on camp guard and picketing to do and fatique duty that it keeps us busy two hours on and four off and then we lay still 2 or 3 day with the exception of inspection and desperade that comes every day picket one night one day write soon 

from your Brother
Geo Walling

you can have pap attend to Garry Forshee take a Deed in my name give Garry two hundred Dollars in money and give him the note against it Laraway and Fenlon if he wants to d that take the deed and sent it to Auburn put it on record I want a good title and it is a bargain I want pump and all tell Garry I send my best respects to him and G R Haynes

12 Postage Stamps is Enough at present Dont Forget to let me know if pap has got back you and Mother must not be afraid to tell Fred just what you mean to have done he wont be of any use to you Chas Mapes will attend to you better than Fred I will write to Garry Forshee

as I would like to be there this winter to be with them all but I cannot be there tell them both to take a Drink for me as I have not had a drink since I left Auburn


These letters were transcribed by B. Conrad Bush, 1940 Reading Road, West Falls, NY, 14170; e-mail Bushresear@aol.com; from original letters found at the National Archive, Washington, DC.


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- Last Updated December 1, 2008