Letters of
Corporal James C. Tuttle, Co. D

James C. Tuttle, age 18, born in Jefferson Co, NY, farmer, eyes blue, hair auburn, complexion light, height 5 ft 7 inches; enlisted September 14, 1861, at Freetown, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. D, 76th NY Vol. Inf., October 4, 1861; re-enlisted as a veteran, January 2, 1864; promoted corporal prior to April, 1864; missing in action, May 5, 1864, at the Wilderness. 

William Mantanye, private in Co. D, who was with James C. Tuttle at the Wilderness on May 6, 1864 saw him wounded; left on the field in a woods where fire broke out and consumed the woods. They could not recover the wounded and James was never seen again and was considered killed by gun shot wound or fire.

Phebe Jane Fuller and Chauncy Tuttle, married March 16, 1843 at Fairfield, Herkimer County, NY, parents of James


Jan 22nd
Camp in the mud
3 miles from the Rappahonock

Dear father    

here I am 3 feet in the mud probaly you have heard of the move of the army of the patomac you began on the 20 of Jan 1863 the grand army of the left its winter quarters and started for the Rebels C. father it has been the worst marching that has been seen in this war 

it was good marching the first day but it raind that night and the next day of all the marching you ever herd of in any war that history tell of this has never been beat it was mud clear up to the knees knapsack weighted 60 lbs the army was nothing but straglers anyway they could not keep up in the ranks to some thare lives the fields was covered with men from every Regiment in the corp each man for himself 

I do not know what we shall do for provisions we have only one days rations in our haversacks and the teams can not get here with ration it must either come off pleasant weather or the army must make a backward move for no artillery can move for nor suply trians keep up with the Regt 

we shall suffer that is sure the men are very poorly clothed and men are deserting every day buy the hundred and none of those blame them for going if they get away safe well I have kept up so far with them I shall try to keep up all the while 

me Teron Guernsey Webster Smith tent togeter I con two tents and they two so we have a comfortble shanty when we stop three Blankets three Rubber Blankets each on and Overcoats joyend see that we are well provided for although it makes a prety heavy load on a man 

I hope you get the letter that I wrote to Emma with 60 Dol check in it I hope it come through safe to use it by this time write soon as you get this I must stop writing for I have wrote all the news that I can think of and I must close for I am detailed to bring wood and water for the men you must write soon 

from your son             
James E. Tuttle

Dear father as I no chance to send this until mar I thought of would write and let you know that we have I got back to camp once more we have had one of the hardest marches that ever was heard of in the history even Napoleons crossing the Alps was no comparison to it I was colder than Thon it is now but the mud was up to our knees we started from 4 miles beyond folmouth and went 20 miles in about 8 hours

Ed. Note: "Teron Guernsey" is Theron Guernsey


These letters were transcribed by B. Conrad Bush, 1940 Reading Road, West Falls, NY, 14170; e-mail Bushresear@aol.com; from original letters found at the National Archive, Washington, DC.


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- Last Updated March 27, 2001